Palenke references the Spanish word “palenque”, as a platform, ring, arena or the like, used for different forms of entertainment, surrounded by seats for spectators and made with posts or stakes. Other meanings of Palenque or Palenke are:
- An ancient Mayan city, located in modern-day Chiapas, Mexico
- A type of public market common throughout the Philippines
- In Colombia and in Cuba, palenques were walled communities which were founded by escaped slaves as a refuge in the seventeenth century (Palenque de San Basilio)
- El Gran Palenque is also home to the world-renowned dance troupe Conjunto Folklórico Nacional de Cuba. Opened in 1997, performances come from members of the Conjunto and invited guests, and take place in the large outdoor patio.
- A wooden palisade or stockade. In Mexico is also known as an arena, or a cockpit for cockfighting
• In Spain, it was one of the main arenas that held concerts in the 1982 Sevilla Universal Exhibit